Palincsar, Abbasi Kasani, H., Shams Mourkani, G., Seraji, F., Rezaeizadeh, M., & Abedi, H.
(2020). E-Learning Challenges in Iran: A Research Synthesis. International Review of
Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 21(4), 96-116. [in Persian].
Abbasi, M., Seraj zadeh, H. (2017). Methodological issues in systematic review along with
evaluation of Iranian articles based on this method. Journal of Iranian Social Studies, 9(3),
132-160. [in Persian]
Abbasikasani ,H., Haji Zeynalgabedini, M., Raisi, A. (2018). Pathology of University of
Medical Sciences E-learning System based on Khan Model. Medical education and
development. 12 (4), 227-238. [in Persian].
Abuatiq, A. (2021). Opportunities and Challenges of E-Learning in North America. In
Challenges and Opportunities for the Global Implementation of E-Learning Frameworks (pp.
52-71). IGI Global.
64 Iranian Distance Education Journal, Vol. 3, No. 2, (New Series) Summer-Autumn 2021
Alavi, S., Shariati, M. (2010). Investigating Employees Satisfaction with E-learning Courses
in Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Iranian Journal of Medical Education. 10 (3), 200-
210. [in Persian].
Aleksic-Maslac, K., Sinkovic, B., & Vranesic, P. (2017). Influence of gamification on
student engagement in education. International Journal of Education and Learning Systems,
Alhabeeb, A., & Rowley, J. (2018). E-learning critical success factors: Comparing
perspectives from academic staff and students. Computers & Education, 127, 1-12.
Ali, W. (2020). Online and remote learning in higher education institutes: A necessity in
light of COVID-19 pandemic. Higher education studies, 10(3), 16-25.
Allami, F., Sajady, R., Khalajghasemabadi,M. (2019). The Role of Continuing E-Learning
on Professional Development: A Case Study of the Telecom Industry, Iranian Society for
Training and Development, 6(20), 105-124. [in Persian].
 Alzaabi, A. A. Y. A., & Ghani, A. B. B. H. A. (2021). Do job performance mediates
between the e-learning training program and organizational performance: a case of Dubai
police force. International Journal of Entrepreneurship, 25, 1-18.
 Anderson, E. (2021). Convergence of andragogy and e-learning to facilitate employee
engagement in workplace learning (Doctoral dissertation, Queensland University of
 Arabsorkhi Mishabi, A., Musakhani, M., Manian, A. (2016). Proposing a Holistic Model
for Formulating the Security Requirements of e-learning based on Stakeholder's Point of
View, Journal of Information Technology Management, 8(26), 141-154. [in Persian].
 Arkorful, V., & Abaidoo, N. (2015). The role of e-learning, advantages, and disadvantages
of its adoption in higher education. International Journal of Instructional Technology and
Distance Learning, 12(1), 29_42.
 Asime, M., Selselegar, A., Sharifzadeh, M. (2019). The Role of In-service Virtual Training
Courses in Job Empowerment of Employees of Fars province Agri-Jihad Organization.
Agricultural Extension and Education Research, 12(3), 25-34. [in Persian]
 Baruque, L. B., Baruque, C. B., & Melo, R. N. (2007). Towards a framework for corporate
e-learning evaluation. In Proceedings of the 2007 Euro American conference on Telematics
and information systems, -(58), 1-5.
 Batirel, Hasan F., Jalal Assouad, Harry Etienne, and Xavier Benoit D'Journo.(2021).
"Auditorium of the future: e-learning platform." Journal of thoracic disease 13, no. 3, 2038-
 Beinicke, A., Kyndt, E. (2020). Evidence-based actions for maximizing training
effectiveness in corporate E-learning and classroom training. Studies in Continuing
Education, 42(2), 256-276.
 Belaid, L. (2021). Poster: Challenges to Implementing E-Learning in Developing
Countries. In Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International
Conference (pp. 345-350). Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education
 Chetty, R., Friedman, J. N., Hendren, N., & Stepner, M. (2020). The Economic Impacts of
COVID-19: Evidence from a New Public Database Built Using Private Sector Data. National
Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper Series.
 Choudhury, S., Pattnaik, S. (2020). Emerging themes in e-learning: A review from the
stakeholders' perspective. Computers & Education, 1(144), 103657.
 de Araujo, L. M., Priadana, S., Paramarta, V., & Sunarsi, D. (2021). Digital leadership in
business organizations. International Journal of Educational Administration, Management,
Fatemeh Naranji Thani et al: A Systematic Review of … 65
and Leadership, 45-56.
 DeGani, A. (2014). A study of the relationship between millennials' feelings of ownership
of mobile devices and their interest in mobile learning. MSc Digital Education, University
 Ebrahimzadeh, I., Masoomifard, M. (2017). Studying the Various Types of Interaction in
the e-learning environment with Learning Quality in Virtual Campuses. Research in
Curriculum Planning, 14(52), 47-62. [in Persian]
 Edgepointlearning. (2021). 36 eLearning Statistics: 2021 Key Insights To Shape Our Year.
 Ershadi, M.J., Soofi, S., Naimi Sadigh, A. (2019). Presentation of Employee Satisfaction
Assessment Model from EMS (LMS), Iranian Society for Training and Development, 6(21),
21-36. [in Persian].
 Esmaieilpour, S., Gerami, F., Pour Ghaznavi, M. (2016). Provide a model and framework
for implementing effective and efficient virtual organizational training based on the
information systems success model. International Conference of Management Elites. [in
 Faraji, Sh. (2014). The role of e-learning in improving organizational performance. Journal
of Management Studies on Disciplinary Education, 3(6), 41-50. [in Persian]
 Fathi, R., Seif, M.H. (2017). A causal model of acceptance and application of virtual
learning in employees: The role of technology-job fit, self-efficacy and mental norm.
Quarterly Journal of Training & Development of Human Resources. 4(12), 149-165. [in
 Feizi, K., Behzadi, A. (2014). A Model for E-Learning Readiness Assessment of
Organizations and Financial Institutions “Case Study: BMI”. The technology of Education
Journal (TEJ), 8(2), 119-130. [in Persian].
 Flores, E., Xu, X., & Lu, Y. (2020). Human Capital 4.0: a workforce competence typology
for Industry 4.0. Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management.
 Fraij, J. (2021). E-Hrm To Overcome Hrm Challenges In The Pandemic. SEA-Practical
Application of Science, 1(25), 41-49. [in Persian]
 Garavan, T. N., Carbery, R., O'Malley, G., & O'Donnell, D. (2010). Understanding
participation in e ‐learning in organiz
International Journal of Training and Development, 14(3), 155_168.
 Garavand, A. (2019). Evaluating the Effectiveness of E-Learning at Tehran University.
(Unpublished master’s thesis), Tehran. [in Persian].
 Gholami, B., Norouzi, D. (2017). Virtual Training & Satisfaction of Learning: An
Experience In National Iranian Oil Company. Human Resource Management in Oil Industry.
9 (33), 185-212. [in Persian].
 Gholipour, M., Gholipour, N., Gholipour, H., Gholipour, H. (2016). The role of e-learning
in the organization. Congress of Pioneers of Progress. [in Persian]
 Ghorbankhani, M., Salehi, K. (2017). Representation of the characteristics of the successful
Professors in the virtual education in Iran’s higher education system from the viewpoint of
students and professors, a phenomenological study. Technology of Education Journal (TEJ),
11(3), 235-255. [in Persian]
 Glynn, R. J., Schneeweiss, S., Stürmer, T. (2006). Indications for propensity scores and
review of their use in pharmacoepidemiology. Basic & clinical pharmacology & toxicology,
 Gohari, M., Habib, S. (2018). Guilan Payame Noor University Students' Attitude toward
E-Learning and Learning. Journal of Psychological and Educational Sciences Studies. 4(3),
48_53. [in Persian]
66 Iranian Distance Education Journal, Vol. 3, No. 2, (New Series) Summer-Autumn 2021
 Grabusts, P., & Teilans, A. (2021, June). E-learning: Developing Tomorrow's Education.
In ENVIRONMENT. TECHNOLOGIES. RESOURCES. Proceedings of the International
Scientific and Practical Conference (Vol. 2, pp. 136-140
 Habibizad Navin, A. (2018). Cost and performance modelling and analysis of using elearning
in the organization to increase expertise. Technology of Education Journal (TEJ),
13(1), 98-109. [in Persian]
 Habibpour, K., Safari, R. (2012). Comprehensive guide to the use of SPSS in survey
research (quantitative data analysis). Tehran: Loya Publishing. [in Persian]
 Hadadian, A. (2011). Surveying National E-Learning System in the Globalization Era.
Strategic Studies of public policy, 2(4), 117-148. [in Persian].
 Hammad, J., Hariadi, M., Purnomo, M. H., Jabari, N., Kurniawan, F. (2018). E-learning
and Adaptive E-learning Review. International Journal of Computer Science and Network
Security, 18(2), 48_55.
 Hejazi, S. (2019). identify evaluation components of the e-learning system at Tehran
university. Master Thesis, University of Tehran. [in Persian].
 Hosinpor, K., Nili, M.R., Amir Teimori, M.H. (2015). Investigating the status of using elearning
in in-service training courses for employees of the Jihad Agricultural Organization
of Khuzestan Province. First International Conference on Psychology and Educational
Sciences. [in Persian]
 Islam, N., Beer, M., Slack, F. (2015). E-learning challenges faced by academics in higher
education. Journal of Education and Training Studies, 3(5), 102-112.
 Karami M, Ahanchian M R, Ebrahimi Kooshk Mahdi S. (2012). Barriers to Use Electronic
Courses of Continuing Medical Education: A Survey in Mashhad University of Medical
Sciences. Iranian Journal of Medical Education. 12 (5), 377-386. [in Persian]
 Karami, M., Vazirpoor Keshmiri, M. (2012). An Evaluation of Library and Archival
Sciences E-education Courses in the National Library and Archives of Iran. National Studies
on Librarianship and Information Organization, 23(2), 48-61. [in Persian].
 Kharazi, K., Esfandyari moghadam., M. (2010). Feasibility study of virtual education for
agricultural producers. Iranian Agricultural Extension and Education Sciences. 6(1), 43-56.
 Khorasani, A., Doosti, H. (2011). A Study of the Level of Satisfaction and Importance of
the Factors Influential on Effectiveness of E-Learning from the Employee's Viewpoints,
Information and Communication Technology in Educational Sciences, 1(4), 37-58. [in
 Khoshneshin, Z., Khoshnoudi Far, M. (2014). The Necessity of Staff's Needs Assessment
in E-based Learning, Interdisciplinary Journal of Virtual Learning in Medical Sciences, 5(3),
78-84. [in Persian]
 Kimiloglu, H., Ozturan, M., Kutlu, B. (2017). Perceptions about and attitude toward the
usage of e-learning in corporate training. Computers in Human Behavior, 72(4), 339-349.
 Li, F., Lu, H., Hou, M., Cui, K., & Darbandi, M. (2021). Customer satisfaction with bank
services: The role of cloud services, security, e-learning and service quality. Technology in
Society, 64, 101487.
 Liguori, E., Winkler, C. (2020). From offline to online: Challenges and opportunities for
entrepreneurship education following the COVID-19 pandemic. Entrepreneurship Education
and Pedagogy, 3(4), 346-351.
 Liu, Y., Wang, H. (2009). A comparative study on e ‐learning technologi
from the East to the West. Systems Research and Behavioral Science: The Official Journal
of the International Federation for Systems Research, 26(2), 191_209.
 Machwate, S., Bendaoud, R., Berrada, K. (2020). Media coverage of digital resources in
Fatemeh Naranji Thani et al: A Systematic Review of … 67
audiovisual format: Evaluation of six years of application and proposal of development
paths. In Radical Solutions and eLearning, 167-182. Springer, Singapore.
 Maga, M. F. A., Kamdjoug, J. R. K., Wamba, S. F., Tcheuffa, P. C. N. (2019). Factors
Affecting Adoption and Use of E-Learning by Business Employees in Cameroon. In World
Conference on Information Systems and Technologies. 216_226. Springer, Cham.
 Mohammadkhani, K., Mohammad Davoudi, A., Jalali, A. (2014). Evaluating Factors
Influencing Success of Virtual Education in Research Institute of Petroleum Industry.
Information and Communication Technology in Educational Sciences, 5(1(17)), 143-162.
 Morgan, H. (2020). Best practices for implementing remote learning during a pandemic.
The Clearing House: A Journal of Educational Strategies, Issues and Ideas, 93(3), 135-141.
 Mosadegh H, Kharazi S K, bazargan A. (2011). The Feasibility Study for Implementation
of Electronic Learning in the Gas Company of Yazd Province. 26 (3),547-569. [in Persian]
 Naidu.S. (2011). E-Learning. Translated by: Safaee Movahed.S & Mohabbat.H. Tehran:
Iran Industrial Research & Training Center.
 Nasirinia, A., Mahmoodi, A.H., Delgoshaiy, Y., Badeleh, A. (2018). Identify and explain
the dimensions, components and evaluation indicators of the e-learning management system
in the housing bank. Quarterly Journal of Training & Development of Human Resources.
5(17), 93-114. [in Persian]
 Nazari, H., Jafari, M., Nouri, A. (2018). The survey on the effects of virtual training courses
on promoting Naja manpower deputy employees' performance. Naja Human Resources,
9(52), 83-106. [in Persian].
 Niazazari, K., Salehi, M., Barimani, A., Shabani, M. (2012). The Effect of Electronic
Instruction on Promoting ICT Skills among Employees in the Ministry of Education. The
Journal of Modern Thoughts in Education, 7(2), 102-93. [in Persian].
 Noesgaard, S. S., Ørngreen, R. (2015). The Effectiveness of E-Learning: An Explorative
and Integrative Review of the Definitions, Methodologies and Factors That Promote eLearning
Effectiveness. Electronic Journal of e-Learning, 13(4), 278-290.
 Olyaei, kh., Ramezani, A., Jahan tiqi, M., Shirzadi, R. (2015). Introduction of a Model to
Evaluate and Explain the Current Status of E-learning System in Iran TVTO. Skill Training.
3 (11), 49-65. [in Persian]
 Ostadhasanloo H, Abdolrahimi H, Jalilzadeh H. (2014). Impact of Information Technology
in Developing and Improving the Quality of Education. Educational research. 1 (29), 124-
140. [in Persian]
 Pappas, C. (2019). Top 20 eLearning Statistics For 2019 You Need To Know. Recuperado
 Pettey, C., & van der Meulen, R. (2012). Gartner says by 2014, 80 per cent of current
gamified applications will fail to meet business objectives primarily due to poor design. Press
release). Gartner, Inc.
 Rahimi, Z. (2013). Investigating e-learning on the quality of in-service training of police
forces. Journal of Management Studies on Disciplinary Education. 1(6), 53-63. [in Persian].
 Ramezani Ardi, E., Zaraii Zavaraki, E., Nili, M., Aliabadi, K. (2019). Developing and
assessment of Competencies for steering and development of in-service E-learning in
Government Organizations. Quarterly of Educational Measurement, 9(34), 173-194. [in
 Ramezani Ardi, E., Zaraii Zavaraki, E., Nili, M., Aliabadi, K. (2019). Designing and
Validating the E-Learning Model in in-Service training. Environmental Education and
Sustainable Development, 7(2), 129-142. [in Persian]
 Rezaee kelidbari, H., Talebi, S., Hazrati, M. (2015). Explain the factors affecting the
68 Iranian Distance Education Journal, Vol. 3, No. 2, (New Series) Summer-Autumn 2021
intention to use e-learning in in-service training of the Ministry of Energy. First International
Conference on Accounting, Management and Business Innovation. [in Persian].
 Rizvi, Y. S., & Nabi, A. (2021). Transformation of learning from real to virtual: an
exploratory-descriptive analysis of issues and challenges. Teaching & Learning, 14(1), 5-17.
 Rodrigues, H., Almeida, F., Figueiredo, V., Lopes, S. L. (2019). Tracking e-learning
through published papers: A systematic review. Computers & education, 136, 87_98.
 Saffari, M., Sanaeinasab, H., Pakpour, A.H. (2013). How to Do a Systematic Review
Regard to Health: A Narrative Review. Iran J Health Educ Health Promot.1 (1), 51-61. [in
 Salari, Z., Karami, M. (2014). Comparing the Effectiveness of E-Learning, Blended
Learning and Face-to-Face Lecture in Industrial Training. New Educational Approaches,
9(2), 27-58. [in Persian]
 Salehi, K., Ghasemi, M., Falahi, M., Namdari, V. (2016). Analysis Of Cognitive Themes
Of Professors'lived Experience About The Quality Of Virtual Education Courses. [in
 Shami Zanjani, H., niknami, M., GHourchian, N., Mohammad davoudi, A.H. (2019).
Providing a Model for Continuing the Use of E-learning in Work Environments (Case study:
Headquarters of the State Tax Administration), Iranian Society for Training and
Development, 5(17), 29-53. [in Persian].
 Shams, Gh., Tari, F., Rezaeezadeh, M. (2019). Identify infrastructural and managerial
barriers to the use of e-learning in human resource training. Teaching research. 7(3), 91-116.
 Shiri, E., Safiaghdam, Z. (2019). Advantages and disadvantages of e-learning (e-learning)
for organizations and institutions. Sixth National Conference on Computer Science and
Engineering and Information Technology. [in Persian]
 Siahaan, A. U., Aji, S. B., Antoni, C., Handayani, Y. (2020). Online Social Learning
Platform vs E-Learning for Higher Vocational Education in Purpose to English Test
Preparation. In 7th International Conference on English Language and Teaching (ICOELT
2019). 79_82. Atlantis Press.
 Soleimani N, Fathi vajargah K, Hosseini M, Haghani M. (2021). A qualitative MetaSynthesis
Study on Challenges of Applying Gamified Organizational Training and
Development (GOTD). MEO. 9 (2), 65-95. [in Persian]
 Srivastava, P. (2019). Advantages & Disadvantages of E-Education & E-Learning. Journal
of Retail Marketing & Distribution Management, 2(3),22_27.
 Sundram, S., Venkateswaran, P. S., Jain, V., Yu, Y., Yapanto, L. M., Raisal, I., ... & Regin,
R. (2020). The Impact of Knowledge Management on The Performance of Employees: The
Case of Small Medium Enterprises. Productivity Management, 25, 554-567.
 Taghva, M., Rajabpour, E., Babaahmadi, S. (2013). Factors that influence acceptance of
web-based e-learning systems for in-service education. IT Management Studies, 1(3), 165-
188. [in Persian]
 Vahdat, S. (2021), "The role of IT-based technologies on the management of human
resources in the COVID-19 era", Kybernetes, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print.
 Vakili G.(). Evaluation of the Efficiency of Cloud Computing Models in E-learning
Services., Information Sciences & Technology, 29(4), 1147-1174. [in Persian].
 Vazife, R., Khani, S. (2020). Mediating the role of knowledge absorption capacity in the
effect of electronic learning on the social trust of the social security staff of Ardabil province.
Journal of Humanities Islamic Sciences. 6(21), 116-128. [in Persian].
 Yang, B. N. (2019). Exploring e-Learning Experiences in a Dynamic Organizational
Fatemeh Naranji Thani et al: A Systematic Review of … 69
Learning Environment: An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis of Organizational eLearners
in a Multicultural Consulting Firm in Hong Kong (Doctoral dissertation,
 Zalat, M. M., Hamed, M. S., & Bolbol, S. A. (2021). The experiences, challenges, and
acceptance of e-learning as a tool for teaching during the COVID-19 pandemic among
university medical staff. PLoS One, 16(3), e0248758.
 Zammel, I. B., Najar, T., Belghith, A. (2018). Determinants of e-learning effectiveness: the
case of Tunisian virtual school of post office. In International Conference on Digital
Economy. 165_172. Springer, Cham.